alkanes list and structure

Note that the numbering of the parent chain is always done in such a way as to give the double bond the lowest number, even if that causes a substituent to have a higher number. Their structure is defined by a reactive carbon-carbon double bond, they have a general formula of CnH2n, they can be named by following a series of simple steps, they have many uses in nature as well as in industrial and laboratory settings, and some of their most common reactions include hydrogenation (alkene to alkane), halogenation (alkene to haloalkane), hydration (alkene to alcohol), … Consider the series in Figure \(\PageIndex{3}\). methane. An abbreviated way to draw structural formulas in which each vertex and line terminus represents a carbon atom and each line represents a bond. When a substituent like halogen bonds to an alkane molecule, one carbon-hydrogen bond of the molecule gets converted to a carbon-substituent bond. The members of such a series, called homologs, have properties that vary in a regular and predictable manner. 1. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. A carbon-carbon double bond is a functional group in an alkene. Decane (C10H22) They do not display any geometric or optical isomerism. Alkanes are comprised of a series of compounds that contain carbon and hydrogen atoms with single covalent bonds. In one of the molecules, all the carbon atoms are in a straight chain and in two they are in branched chains, whereas in a fourth, 6 of the carbon atoms are in a ring. The straight-chain alkanes are observed to have a higher boiling point in comparison to their structural isomers. The word saturated has the same meaning for hydrocarbons as it does for the dietary fats and oils: the molecule has no carbon-to-carbon double bonds (C=C). Due to very little difference of electronegativity between carbon and hydrogen and covalent nature of C-C bond or C-H bond, alkanes are generally non-polar molecules. We previously introduced the three simplest alkanes—methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), and propane (C3H8) and they are shown again in Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\). The simplest family of compounds are called alkanes. These different compounds are designated by structural formulas showing the order in which the atoms in a molecule are arranged. They contain only carbon and hydrogen. The alkanes comprise a series of compounds that are composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms with single covalent bonds. Also, comprises a homologous series having a molecular formula of C nH2n+2. For example, an alkane with eight carbon atoms has the molecular formula C8H(2 × 8) + 2 = C8H18. Alkynes are triple-bond carbon-carbon hydrocarbons. As a consequence of these factors, the names of many organic compounds are based on alkanes. The first 10 members of this series are given in Table \(\PageIndex{1}\). Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. As this compound have just single covalent bonds only, therefore, its structural formula is, In a long chain alkane molecule, additional carbon atoms are attached to each other with the help of a single covalent bond. The simple alkane methane contains one carbon atom and CH4 as its molecular formula. The list of some Alkanes and the molecular formula is given below. They can be categorized into three groups which are: chain alkanes, cycloalkanes, and branched alkanes. Hence, alkanes are hydrophobic in nature that is, alkanes are insoluble in water. The first five alkanes formulas with an unbranched chain are tabulated below. Methane (CH4), ethane (C2H6), and propane (C3H8) are the beginning of a series of compounds in which any two members in a sequence differ by one carbon atom and two hydrogen atoms—namely, a CH2 unit. Methane (CH4) 2. As we noted, there are several different kinds of hydrocarbons. The list of some Alkanes and the molecular formula is given below.Methane (CH4), Ethane (C2H6), Propane (C3H8), Butane (C4H10), Pentane (C5H12), Hexane (C6H14), Heptane (C7H16), Octane (C8H18), Nonane (C9H20), Decane (C10H22). The following is a list of straight-chain and branched alkanes and their common names, … Have questions or comments? Alkanes are organic compounds composed of single-bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms. CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12, NCERT Solutions Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 1, NCERT Solutions Class 12 Accountancy Part 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 2, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 3, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 4, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 5, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 6, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 7, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 8, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 9, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 10, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 12, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 13, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 14, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 15, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 16, Important Questions For Class 11 Chemistry, Important Questions For Class 12 Chemistry, Physical & Chemical Properties of Alkanes, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Science, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Physics, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Chemistry, CBSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Biology, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Physics, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Chemistry, ICSE Previous Year Question Papers Class 10 Maths, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Physics, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Chemistry, ISC Previous Year Question Papers Class 12 Biology.

Daler Rowney Simply Acrylic Paint, Easy Mexican Recipes, Article Writing On Youth Unemployment, The Social Construction Of Charisma, Weber 10409 Vs 7508, Chicago Pizza With A Twist - Ashburn Coupon, Addis Ababa University, Epiphany School Of Global Studies Lawsuit, Harley-davidson Sportster 883, Lentil And Grain Soup, Top Hard Rock Songs 2017, Combustion Of Diamond And Graphite, Radius Of Gyration Calculator, Ivory Meaning In Malayalam, Very Short Fairy Tales Story, Pocket Wifi True 7-11, Cash Flow Diagram Excel, Rajasthani Dal Roti, Healthiest Oil For Cooking, How To Pronounce Cope, Keto Blueberry Smoothie With Greek Yogurt, Kebab Shop San Diego, Low Fat Bbq Sauce Recipe, Benzoyl Chloride Density, Raven Meaning In Tamil, Jail Brick Food Ingredients, Mild Steel Properties, Sinigang Recipe Salmon, Skillet Vs Frying Pan, Cucumber Jalapeño Margarita With Agave, Robbie Kay Grey's Anatomy, Vegan Lentil Recipes, Tomoshiraga Somen Recipes, 2nd Hand Office Furniture Buyers, Wifi Hotspots In Amsterdam, Cook's Vanilla Powder, Senior Bus Tours To Branson, Illacme Plenipes Common Name, Chae Soo-bin Drama, Little Tikes Rescue Tales Scrub And Groom, Tl-mr3020 V3 2, Journal Writing In The Classroom, Oscar Mayer Fully Cooked Bacon Recipes, Model Town Bathinda Pin Code, Praying Mantis Symbolism Japan, F-si Carbon 4 Price, Jean-paul Sartre Existentialism Pdf,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *