how were the poor buried in ancient egypt

People were buried in holes in the desert. Embalming wasn't the only costly part about burial in ancient Egypt; tombs were also pricey. According to Herodotus (484-425/413 BCE), the Egyptian rites concerning burial were very dramatic in mourning the dead, even though it was hoped that the deceased would find bliss in an eternal land beyond the grave. Skilled embalmers extracted organs such as the intestines, stomach, brain, liver and lungs for storage in canopic jars. The graves of some craftsmen and workers have been found containing a mummified body as well as bread, fruit, amulets and furniture for the afterlife. The embalming process was extremely detailed. It was believed that the deceased might benefit from having these items in the next life. Their relatives would wrap their body in a simple cloth and bury it with some everyday objects and food. Nobles and very wealthy people were often buried in tombs that we call 'mastabas'. These tombs would contain the person's mummified body, as well as food, jewellery and special objects. Depends on when you are asking about. They carefully wrapped the bodies before putting them inside coffins. The methods of burial changed over time. Burial in ancient Egypt wasn't always such a methodical procedure. Scribes were important people in Ancient Egypt. Those with more wealth would be able to afford a better burial. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. The role of a scribe was an important one in Ancient Egypt. He writes:Mummification was practiced in Egypt as early as 3500 BCE and is thought to have been suggested by the preservation of corpses buried in the arid sand. This kind of tomb has an underground burial chamber and an above ground offering chapel. By the time of the Old Kingdom of Egypt (c. 2613-2181 BCE), mummification had become standard practice in handling the deceased and mortuary rituals grew up around death, dying, and mummification. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. The arid and hot weather worked to mummify them. To enable Verizon Media and our partners to process your personal data select 'I agree', or select 'Manage settings' for more information and to manage your choices. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. The bodies were lowered into the ground in curled up, fetal stances. They were sometimes buried around cliffs as well. These rituals and their symbols were largely derived from the cult of Osiris who had already become a popular god. They were sometimes buried around cliffs as well. The earliest graves in Egypt were little more than pits dug into the sand. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. In pre-dynastic times, up until 3,100 B.C., it was actually pretty straightforward and not unlike the burials of the poor in later times. Most ordinary ancient Egyptians were probably buried in the desert. Yahoo is part of Verizon Media. Those with more wealth would be able to afford a better burial. they were buried under sand in shallow graves. Embalmers then dried out the bodies using natron salts. Medioimages/Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images, The British Museum: Ancient Egypt - The Predynastic Period. A proper burial would allow them to live again in the afterlife. The burial sites of poor ancient Egyptians were typically situated in graveyards on the outskirts of the desert, away from communities. Mummification was a lengthy undertaking that required 70 days. Thus, most people who could afford to, spent a lot of time and effort making sure that they would be buried well. Sometimes multiple people and animals were placed in the same grave. Drying the body alone called for 40 days. Osiris and his sister-wife Isis were the mythical first rulers of Egypt, given the land shortly after the creation of the world. Not all citizens of the time could afford the complex procedure, however. Th… They carried out both administrative and religious function and were highly prized for their skills. Burial of the poor happened swiftly as the time-consuming mummification process wasn't involved. See disclaimer. Oddly enough, this practice was very effective, sometimes producing superior preservation results than the embalming of the upper class. Over time, graves became more complex, with the body placed in a wicker basket, then later in wooden or terracotta coffins. Most ordinary ancient Egyptians were probably buried in the desert. Embalming wasn't the only costly part about burial in ancient Egypt; tombs were also pricey. Tomb size and type varied as much with the fortunes of the times as with individual wealth and choice.

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