Norwegian University of Science and Technology, About page on the Institute of Health Equity website, Michael Marmot interviewed by Kirsty Young, Rise in life expectancy has stalled since 2010, research shows, "Intersalt: An international study of electrolyte excretion and blood pressure. The increase in life expectancy that had begun to slow in 2010 had, by 2018, more or less ground to a halt. Sir Michael Gideon Marmot, FBA, FMedSci, FRCP (born 26 February 1945) is Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at University College London. According to the WHO Europe report summary: "Factors determining health and social justice are interdependent with factors determining environmental and economic sustainability. Marmot is concerned now with finding ways to break the link between social inequality and health outcomes, by looking at early child development. The political mood of the decade from 2010 was one of the rolling back of the state, and a continuation of an apparent consensus that things were best left to the market. On 6 November 2008, Prime Minister Gordon Brown announced that the Secretary of State for Health Alan Johnson had asked Sir Michael Marmot to chair a Review of Health Inequalities in England to inform policy making to address health inequalities from 2010. When he was a young child, his family moved to Sydney in Australia, where he attended Sydney Boys High School (1957–1961) and graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree from the University of Sydney in 1968. Au cours d’une première étude effectuée auprès du personnel des services publics britanniques (Whitehall I), Sir Michael Marmot a observé une tendance à la détérioration de la santé doublée d’une diminution de l’espérance de vie qui va s’accentuant du haut au bas de l’échelle des hiérarchies professionnelles et sociales. There are 120 other academic staff in the department. Much more important is what we do with the GDP we have.". It's likely that all three of those are effecting people adversely. "There are three causes of fuel poverty: poverty, price of fuel, and quality of housing – how much fuel you need to heat you house. In the US, this is compounded by marked inequalities in access to healthcare. I sat with a former minister in the Conservative government, showed him these figures and said: “Your government’s policy was ‘make the poor poorer’.” He looked uncomfortable and said that perhaps it was not their explicit policy. Wellbeing is a relative newcomer to his field, but a welcome one. During the decade from 2010 on, it increased. There's no more famous name in epidemiology – the study of public health – and the understanding of social inequalities in health and wellbeing, than Marmot. Compared with other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (which is to say, rich) countries, the improvement in life expectancy in the UK from 2010 on was the slowest of all, except for the US and Iceland. We are doing badly: dramatic social inequalities in Covid-19 deaths; high rates in black, Asian and minority ethnic groups; and, now, the highest excess mortality in Europe. Expect more of that when the full report is published in spring. Take fuel for example. He is currently the Director of The UCL Institute of Health Equity.  Marmot advises the WHO. If the ONS revises its [GDP] figures by 0.1% it's front page news, as if 0.1% is going to make a huge difference to people's lives. If we look at spending per person by local authority, we find that the poorer the area concerned, the bigger the reduction. One of its findings is that "health inequities are not diminishing and are increasing in many countries". , Marmot was born in London on 26 January 1945. Michael Marmot is famous for his work on social inequalities in health. He served as President of the British Medical Association (BMA) from 2010 to 2011, and is the new President of the British Lung Foundation. Which nicely summarises his professional concerns too. The causal pathway Marmot identifies concerns the psychic benefits of "being in control" of one's life. If you go from a GDP of say $500 (£300) per capita to $1,500 (£950) that correlates with a huge improvement in life expectancy. How badly must we be doing, indeed. And if health stopped improving and health inequalities got bigger, it implies that society stopped improving and inequality in general got worse. He won the Balzan Prize for Epidemiology in 2004, gave the Harveian Oration in 2006 and won the William B. Graham Prize for Health Services Research in 2008. In the least deprived 20% of areas, local government spending went down by 16%; in the most deprived it went down by 32%. England was doing badly in two key respects (remember that this was before the pandemic reached our shores).
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